Introduction, Purpose and Tools (Reablement)
Under the Care Act any method of establishing needs is known as an assessment and this is the legally recognised term. Assessment is an integral part of adult Care and Support.
The term 'assessment' covers:
- The range of methods that can be used to establish needs, some of which are formal ( for example, a face to face assessment) and some of which are not so formal (for example, a short telephone conversation); and
- The range of models and frameworks used to support or shape the process of information gathering.
Unfortunately the word 'assessment' is all too often associated with outdated practices to gather information that do not support the ethos of the Care Act. For example, being:
- A process led by the assessor;
- A structured process involving the use of forms and arbitrary questions;
- An 'interview' of the person being assessed; and
- A gateway to funding and services, the nature of which is decided by the assessor.
As a mechanism to promote and support new practices around assessment that are in line with the Care Act ethos and duties, these procedures intentionally use the phrase 'Establishing Needs' alongside the legal term 'assessment'. This supports users of the procedures to think more flexibly about what an 'assessment' can, and may need to involve so that it is:
- Proportionate, only being formal or lengthy when it needs to be;
- Led by the person with care and support needs;
- Appropriate to the person and their situation; and
- A method of supporting the person to find their own solutions to issues identified.
Despite reablement being a bespoke service the purpose of the reablement assessment is the same as the purpose of any assessment under the Care Act:
- To provide a full picture of the person's needs in regard to the impact that those needs have on their Wellbeing; so that
- The Local Authority can provide an appropriate response for that person at the right time in order to meet their needs and promote individual Wellbeing. This response might range from offering guidance and information to arranging for services to meet the needs.
There should not be any assumptions made prior to an assessment that the provision of a reablement service will always be the appropriate response to the presenting need, and practitioners should be mindful to identify all of the needs that a person has.
The assessment conversation should also:
- Support people to understand their strengths and capabilities within the context of their situation;
- Support people to understand the support that may be available to them within the community or through other networks and services; and
- Support people to consider some of the different ways that the Local Authority may be able to support them (other than through a formal service).
The assessment must also establish whether the reablement service is appropriate.
Reablement provides a bespoke function to directly support people with a disability, who have a mental health issue or who are recovering from illness to:
- Learn the skills of daily living to enable them to live independently (or with as little support as possible);
- Re-learn lost skills of daily living (either fully or to a point where independence is increased as much as it can be);
- Learn to 'live well' with a condition and develop strategies to be as independent with daily living skills as possible for as long as possible;
- Build confidence across any other areas of life that are important to the person so as to increase their independence (for example building social skills).
To determine whether or not a reablement assessment is appropriate you need to establish the following as part of the assessment:
- Does the person appear to be open to being supported in an enabling way?
- Does it appear the person wants to become as independent as possible?
- Does it appear the person would be able to 'carry over' things from one day to the next.
If the answer is 'no' to these questions then a reablement service may not be appropriate.
It is important to identify all of the needs that a person has, including those that cannot be prevented, reduced or delayed by the provision of a reablement service.
Once identified you will need to ensure that appropriate steps are taken so that any eligible needs are met. For example, through a referral to Occupational Therapy, a health service or a social work team.
As part of the assessment of the person you must establish:
- Whether there is a carer providing support;
- Whether the carer has the appearance of a need for Support in their own right; and
- If so, whether the carer is being supported through a Support Plan; and
- If there is no Support Plan, whether the carer wishes to have a carer's assessment.
The Local Authority has a duty to identify and support carers and reablement is often an opportunity to do so at an early stage.
The Care Act does not require that a specific tool (or any tool at all) is used to support or shape the assessment process, but it does acknowledge that a good tool can be helpful. However, any tool should:
- Facilitate and maximise the person's involvement;
- Support the information gathering process;
- Be flexible and adaptable; and
- Be appropriate and proportionate to the situation and needs of the person being assessed.
See below for details of the tools that are available for you to use as required.
The process of establishing needs involves having a skilled conversation about:
- Wellbeing and outcomes;
- Needs; and
You should consult with the person and/or others when arranging the assessment to understand the specific communication needs that the person has so that any assessment tool you use will maximise their involvement in the conversation.
If you do not feel that the assessment tools available to you will be appropriate you should speak to your manager about how they can be adapted.
Sometimes you may need to supplement the available tools with more bespoke tools to support the specific communication needs of the person. For example, you may need to use photographs or pictures. This is entirely appropriate under the Care Act as it will maximise the involvement of the person and will also support you to meet the duty to provide information in an accessible way.
Remember: see the tri.x Resources to access additional practice guidance that can support the processes of establishing needs, Reablement Planning and review when the person has specific needs.
Across the country and even within each Local Authority there are a range of models and frameworks used to support or shape the process of information gathering to establish needs. These are known as tools.
First and foremost you should have regard for any available practice guidance or good practice examples provided by the Local Authority.
tri.x has also developed a range of person centred tools that can:
- Support a person to think about what matters most to them, now and in the future;
- Support a person or family member to think about Wellbeing; and
- Support a person or family member to think about needs and what a good day/bad day looks like.
Last Updated: November 4, 2021